Shab-e-Barat means the night of forgiveness

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Muslims offer prayer at a graveyard during Shab-e-barat in Delhi, India.

Barat Night can be translated to acquittal/absolution, Urdu: Shabe Barat‎ in Persian, as well as in Urdu) is a Muslim event, celebrated on the 15th Sha'aban, the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. The word "‌Barat" translation and meaning in English is "the quality of being guileless", "without guile or deception".Muslims may also fast on this day or the day after. On this night Allah said : ` who wants forgiveness, I will forgive you. Who wants food, I will provide food.` Allah said this over again and again until fajr. The night of Shab-E-Barat also commemorates the entry of Muhammad into the city of Mecca. The festival of Shab-E-Barat is celebrated with pomp and enthusiasm by Muslims all over the world. For, Muslims believe that on the night of Shab-E-Barat God writes the destinies of all men for the coming year by taking into account the deeds committed by them in the past. It is considered one of the holiest nights on the Islamic Calendar.

The night of mid-Sha'aban is known as Laylatul Bara'ah or Laylatun Nisfe min Sha'ban in the Arab world, and as Shab-e-barat in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Afghanistan and Nepal. These names are translated as 'the night of records', 'the night of assignment' and 'the night of deliverance'. The observance involves a festive nightlong vigil with prayers; in some regions, this is also a night when one's deceased ancestors are commemorated.

Given the importance some Muslims attach to this night, you would be hard pressed to find any strong Hadith that mention this night. In fact you can find evidence in Al Quran on the contrary. There is no clear concept of this night some scholars think that it is right to celebrate this night but some do not as there is nothing much in Quran about this.

Shab-E-Barat means the night of forgiveness or Day of Atonement.

Sunnis observe Mid-Sha'ban as a night of worship and salvation. Various hadiths have been in this regard, some weak and others graded hassan or sahih. Scholars including Imam Shafii, Imam Nawawi, Imam Ghazzali and Imam Suyuti have declared praying on the night of mid shaban as acceptable.

In his Majmu`, Imam Nawawi quoted Imam al-Shafi`i's Kitab al-Umm that there are 5 nights when dua (prayer) is answered, one of them being the night of the 15th of Sha`ban.

The hadith by Imam Ibn Hajr Haythmi, states:Narrated by Muadh bin Jabal (RA) from Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasalam) who said: Allah turns towards his creation in the Night of Mid-Shabaan and He forgives all of them except for a Mushrik and one who hates other people [Az Zawaid #12860]. Classed as Sahih by Salafi scholar Nasiruddin Albani in his silsilah Al-Sahihah.

Another hadith in Musnad Ahmed hanbal "Allah looks at His creation during the night of the 15th of Sha'ban and He forgives His servants except two- one intent on hatred (mushanin) and a murderer (qatilu nafs). Classed Hassan by Albani in his silsilah Al-Sahihah.

Hadith classed sahih by Ibn Hibban "Allah looks at His creation in the night of mid-Sha`ban and He forgives all His creation except for a mushrik (idolater) or a mushahin (one bent on hatred)." [sahih Ibn Hibban 7/470]. Also reported by Tabrani [Al muajamul Kabir 20/108-9] and Al Bayhaqi [Shubul Iman 2/288]

'Aisha is reported to have said that Muhammad said,"This is the middle night of Sha'ban. Allah frees in it a large number of the people from the Hellfire, more than the number of the hair growing on the sheep of the tribe, Kalb. But He does not even look at a person who associates partners with Allah, or at a person who nourishes malice in his heart (against another muslim), or at a person who cuts off the ties of womb-relations, or at a man who leaves his clothes extending beyond his ankles (as a sign of pride), or at a person who disobeys his parents, or at a person who has a habit of drinking wine."

Source: Wikipedia

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